Genomic Unity® Mitochondrial Disorders Analysis
Mitochondrial disorders are a clinically heterogeneous group of genetic disorders that affect the function of proteins or RNA molecules that reside in the mitochondria, the main energy factory for cells throughout the body. In mitochondrial disorders multiple organ systems are typically involved, particularly the brain, skeletal muscle, heart, kidney and endocrine systems which require high amounts of energy and tend to have the greatest average number of mitochondria per cell. Mitochondrial disorders are particularly hard to diagnose as they can affect each individual differently, leading to very different presentations from patient to patient.
Genomic Unity® Mitochondrial Disorders Analysis is an effective test for identifying the genetic cause underlying clinical symptoms consistent with a mitochondrial disorder.
Order this test when the patient presents with clinical symptoms affecting multiple organ systems and that are suggestive of a mitochondrial disorder, and you'd like the option to reflex up to Genomic Unity® Whole Genome Analysis.
Or when you would like to pair analysis of the mitochondrial genome with another analysis due to shared clinical symptomology with mitochondrial disorders.
- Sequencing analysis of nuclear mitochondrial genes
- Del/dup analysis of nuclear mitochondrial genes
- Mitochondrial genome analysis with heteroplasmy (≥5%)
- Mitochondrial genome large deletion analysis with heteroplasmy (≥5%)
- Reflex to Genomic Unity® Whole Genome Analysis
AARS2, ABCB6, ABCB7, ACAD8, ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, ACADSB, ACADVL, ACAT1, ACO2, ACSF3, AFG3L2, AGK, AGL, AIFM1, AK2, ALAS2, ALDH18A1, ALDH2, ALDH3A2, ALDH4A1, ALDH5A1, ALDH6A1, ALDH7A1, AMACR, AMT, APTX, ATP5A1, ATP5E, ATP7B, ATP8B1, ATPAF2, ATXN2, AUH, BAX, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCKDK, BCL2, BCS1L, BOLA3, C12ORF65, C19ORF12, CA5A, CARS2, CAVIN1, CHCHD10, CISD2, CLPB, CLPP, COA5, COA6, COA8, COQ2, COQ4, COQ6, COQ8A, COQ8B, COQ9, COX10, COX14, COX15, COX20, COX4I2, COX6A1, COX6B1, COX7B, CPT1A, CPT1C, CPT2, CYC1, CYCS, CYP11A1, CYP27A1, D2HGDH, DARS2, DBT, DDHD1, DECR1, DGMDH, DGUOK, DHODH, DHTKD1, DIABLO, DLAT, DLD, DNA2, DNAJC19, DNM1L, EARS2, ECHS1, ELAC2, ETFA, ETFB, ETFDH, ETHE1, FAH, FARS2, FASTKD2, FBXL4, FDX10, FH, FOXRED1, FXN, G6PC, GAA, GAMT, GATM, GBE1, GCDH, GCSH, GDAP1, GFER, GFM1, GFM2, GLDC, GLRX5, GLUD1, GPI, GPT2, GPX1, GRHPR, GSR, GSS, GTPBP3, GYS1, GYS2, HADHA, HADHB, HARS2, HAX1, HCCS, HK1, HMGCL, HMGCS2, HOGA1, HSD17B10, HSD3B2, HSPA9, HSPD1, HTRA2, IARS2, IBA57, IDH2, IDH3B, ISCA2, ISCU, IVD, KIF1B, L2HGDH, LARS2, LGHA, LIAS, LIPT1, LONP1, LRPPRC, LYRM4, LYRM7, MARS2, MCCC1, MCCC2, MCEE, MECR, MFF, MFN2, MGME1, MICU1, MLYCD, MMAA, MMAB, MMACHC, MMADHC, MMUT, MOCS1, MPC1, MPV17, MRPL12, MRPL3, MRPL44, MRPS16, MRPS22, MRPS7, MSRB3, MTFMT, MTO1, MTPAP, NADK2, NAGS, NARS2, NDUFA1, NDUFA10, NDUFA11, NDUFA12, NDUFA2, NDUFA4, NDUFA9, NDUFAF1, NDUFAF2, NDUFAF3, NDUFAF4, NDUFAF5, NDUFAF6, NDUFAF7, NDUFB11, NDUFB3, NDUFB9, NDUFS1, NDUFS2, NDUFS3, NDUFS4, NDUFS6, NDUFS7, NDUFS8, NDUFV1, NDUFV2, NFA1, NFU1, NNT, NUBPL, OAT, OGDH, OGG1, OPA1, OPA3, OXCT1, PAM16, PANK2, PARS2, PC, PCCA, PCCB, PCK2, PDHA1, PDHB, PDHX, PDK3, PDSS1, PDSS2, PET100, PFKM, PGAM2, PHKA1, PHKA2, PHKB, PHKG2, PHYH, PINK1, PKLR, PNPLA8, PNPT1, POLG, POLG2, PPM1K, PRKAG2, PRODH, PRPS1, PTRH2, PUS1, PYCR1, PYCR2, PYGM, QARS1, RANBP2, RARS2, REEP1, RMND1, RNASEH1, RNASEL, RRM2B, SARDH, SARS2, SCO1, SCO2, SDHA, SDHAF1, SDHAF2, SDHB, SDHC, SDHD, SERAC1, SFXN4, SLC19A2, SLC19A3, SLC22A5, SLC25A1, SLC25A12, SLC25A13, SLC25A15, SLC25A19, SLC25A20, SLC25A22, SLC25A3, SLC25A38, SLC25A4, SLC25A46, SLC37A4, SLC6A8, SOD2, SPG7, STAR, SUCLA2, SUCLG1, SURF1, TACO1, TARS2, TAZ, TIMM44, TIMM8A, TK2, TMEM126A, TMEM70, TMLHE, TPI1, TPK1, TRIT1, TRMU, TRNT1, TSFM, TTC19, TUFM, TWNK, TXNRD2, TYMP, UNG, UQCC2, UQCC3, UQCRB, UQCRC2, UQCRQ, VARS2, WDR81, WFS1, XPNPEP3, YARS2
MT-ATP8, MT-ATP6, MT-CO1, MT-CO2, MT-CO3, MT-CYB, MT-ND1, MT-ND2, MT-ND3, MT-ND4L, MT-ND4, MT-ND5, MT-ND6, MT-RNR2, MT-TA, MT-TR, MT-TN, MT-TD, MT-TC, MT-TE, MT-TQ, MT-TG, MT-TH, MT-TI, MT-TL1, MT-TL2, MT-TK, MT-TM, MT-TF, MT-TP, MT-TS1, MT-TS2, MT-TT, MT-TW, MT-TY, MT-TV, MT-RNR1, MT-RNR2
SNVs and Indels up to 50bp
99.6% positive predictive value
Note that the PRODH gene is not fully covered by this test, therefore pathogenic variants may not be detected in this gene.
96% clinical sensitivity
Reported when heteroplasmy is ≥5%
Disorders that can be tested for include:
Complex I deficiency
Complex II deficiency
Complex III deficiency
Complex IV deficiency
Complex V deficiency
CPT I deficiency
CPT II deficiency
Diabetes mellitus and deafness (DAD)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON)
Mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase deficiency
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy (MNGIE)
Mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency
Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers (MERRF)
Neuropathy, ataxia, retinitis pigmentosis (NARP)
81404, 81405, 81406, 81407, 81460, 81465
The CPT codes provided are forinformational purposes only. CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party. Please direct any questions regarding coding to the payer being billed.
Blood - 5ml
Saliva - contact us for a kit
gDNA - 5μg
Turn around time is 6-8 weeks from sample receipt.